Friday, May 22, 2020
Thousands of high school students each year, all over the United States, choose to not further their education after high school when they graduate. There is a variety of reasons for their decision-making, and knowing that most of these students are capable of going on to college, it was time to do the research and dig deeper into this issue since this happens very frequently each year at my hometown high school. After countless research, reading multiple sources, identifying who is at stake to the problem of why high school graduates choose to not further their education on to college, it has come to my attention that there is not just one single answer. Various situations have affected different people and their decisions to not go on to college. Whether it be students coming from different backgrounds where their families do not continue to go to college, low-income students, fear of low high school grades continuing to college, fear of student loans, or just low self-esteem. I ha ve recognized four individual stakeholders in my research, who are students who particularly come from low income backgrounds, the Universities, the U.S. economy, and families of non-college goers. Helen B. Goestch did a study at Milwaukee High School with the graduates of June in 1937, and a follow up with the same class in 1938, whose IQÃ¢â¬â¢s were 117 and above. Of the class at Milwaukee High School in 1937, Helen found that 35 percent of this class were full-time college students, 4 percentShow MoreRelatedGraduation Speech : High School Students2263 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesFriends, Family, and Students, Good morning Please join me in thanking Mr. Moore, our Band director, and our award winning Jupiter High School band for their performance today. I also want to personally thank each of your for being here, helping us to make this a special occasion for all of our graduates and their families. To do that, we ask that you keep your applause brief to ensure each name will be heard. Please turn off your cell phones at this time, refrain from using noise makers, and pleaseRead MoreGraduation Speech : High School Students1472 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The teenage years a is time in which high school students are faced with important decisions and are becoming young adults. This is an important transition in life. Post-secondary education is critical, as a matter of fact, it is a credential crucial for economic success; inevitably, in some cases, it is the opposite. As pressure intensifies near the end of high school, it is essential for students to unconventionally take time off school -- not learning -- before proceeding on to postsecondaryRead MoreGraduation Speech : High School Students916 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHigh school students in China are faced with many challenges throughout their education. Some of these challenges include taking the Gaokao exam in order to receive a diploma. The Gaokao exam, also known as the National Higher Education Entrance Examination , is an academic examination that high schoolers need to take prior to entering any higher level education in the future. This test consist of mathematics, Chinese literature, English, and the choice of humanities or natural sciences. Over a courseRead MoreGraduation Speech : High School Students921 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesActually, in the high school students got test as the SAT where every student had to write about a topic in just twenty-five minutes, for to prove the improvement and skill of every student in redact, analyze and write an essay. Because the importance of the writing in the High school is focus in the making of new texts and the comprehension it, which good oriented and structured would convert in knowledge. The apprenticeship based in the writing; potency a whole of ideas, and generate bases forRead MoreGraduation Speech : A Program For High School Students Essay1168 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesclass Running Start is an initial advantage over other students upon graduation. By the time of graduation one who has completed this program is granted an AssociateÃ¢â¬â¢s Degree with their high school diploma. The program allows a student to take college classes while they complete high school. A student who does this program graduates with their AssociateÃ¢â¬â¢s Degree without cost, Students also get to experience a college atmosphere, and students also have the opportunity to take courses that coincideRead MoreGraduation Speech : A Rite Of Passage1527 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesFor many adolescent individuals in America, graduation is considered a rite of passage. Often, Americans couple graduation with a celebration of opening a new chapter of their life. Specifically, transitioning from a high school student to a graduate. In this essay I will explain what a rite of passage is and what graduation is. Also, I will discuss how graduation is approached as a rite of passage in my culture , and what celebration in regards to graduation looks like and means to many. Almost allRead MoreAnalysis Of Graduation By Maya Angelou960 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEssay on Ã¢â¬Å"GraduationÃ¢â¬ by Maya Angelou Racial segregation was very dominant in the United States in the mid nineteen hundreds. This is the time that Maya Angelou was graduating from the eighth grade in Stamps Arkansas. The theme of racial segregation is well shown by the how different the schools of the African-Americans was compared to that of whites in the essay Ã¢â¬Å"GraduationÃ¢â¬ by Maya Angelou. In the essay the Angelou points out that Lafayette County Training School didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have a lawn, hedges, tennisRead MoreGraduation by Maya Angelou Critique1386 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEnglish 121 SL May 9, 2012 Ã¢â¬Å"GraduationÃ¢â¬ Critique Ã¢â¬Å"GraduationÃ¢â¬ was written by Maya Angelou in 1969. Angelou was born in Missouri, but after her parents divorced, she was sent to live with her grandmother in Stamps, Arkansas. While in Arkansas, Angelou attended the Lafayette County Training School. The school is the setting for her essay Ã¢â¬Å"Graduation.Ã¢â¬ Angelou graduated from eighth grade at Lafayette with top honors and went on to graduate from high school. After high school, Angelou wrote over thirtyRead MoreGraduation Speech : College Admissions1424 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDuring a typical high school graduation, speeches are given by a select few, notable students. These notable students normally include the two students who earned the highest grade point averages out of all the students in their graduating class - the valedictorian and the salutatorian. Imagine a graduation, however, with no valedictorian or salutatorian speech. Imagine if there was no valedictorian or salutatorian. Imagine if there was no distinction of students academic performance during commencementRead MoreTeaching Human Sexuality in the High School Curriculum1338 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Facts of the Potential Litigation On August of 2011, Chancellor Dennis Walcott announced that all middle and high schools will be required to teach compulsory sexual health education as part of the core curriculum. Required Health classes focusing on human sexuality are provided as mandated at Edward R. Murrow high school. Some of the topics of this course include but are not limited to the following: HIV/AIDS, practicing of safe sex, sexually transmitted diseases, description of both male and
Saturday, May 9, 2020
The Inexplicable Puzzle Into Benefits of Government Regulation Essay Paper Samples The Characteristics of Benefits of Government Regulation Essay Paper Samples Market failure exists as soon as the competitive outcome of markets isn't efficient from the perspective of society as a whole. As mentioned rules apply differently in various places, for example school rules may include things like dressing and some particular kind of food that could differ from many other institution. Government isn't a creator of jobs. A good example of a preceding sit-in is the protest beyond the United Nations (U.N). Benefits of Government Regulation Essay Paper Samples for Dummies Consequently, government regulation is fantastic for business. The government plays quite a few roles in business primarily to make sure that the public's interests are preserved and to control all industry failure. It also determines the minimum wages paid to different types of workers. In 1969, Norwegian government started to supply press subsidies to small neighborhood newspapers. Any industry economy necessitates some collective authority so as to enforce property rights and to make certain that folks execute contractual responsibility. Even after 100 decades, it might not be purged. For example, there is not any doubt that lots of tax bureaucracies would love to constrain or control the development of the cryptoeconomy because it will make taxation harder. The Lost Secret of Benefits of Government Regulation Essay Paper Samples The essay isn't the simplest task to master. An Essay Introduction is vital for the overall newspaper. Together with the topics, you'd discover loads of papers free of charge. Violation of land use regulations can shut off your business with minimal or no recourse. In this way, they can be seen as implementation artifacts of policy statements. Environmental regulations are a frequent instance of this. Government regulation over science is extremely complicated. The federal government has no lack of business regulations. If found guilty, the official is eliminated from office and might never be permitted to hold elected office again. The last commission to check at is OSHA. Each agency operates like it is the just one issuing regulations. The 5-Minute Rule for Benefits of Government Regulation Essay Paper Samples There are many highly differentiated goods and services that are offered for the consumers. The arguments presented on the subject of raising minimum wage are in a position to create evident a number of the possibilities of advantages or detriments that may happen from raising the minimum wage, but none are backed by direct evidence. Similar dilemmas present themselves in quite a few different contexts, including in the internet neutrality debate. There are many problems with these kinds of assumptions, however. Completely free Government Regulation essay samples can be found FreeEssayHelp with no payment or registration. The government's role is to make sure that all competitors can compete and extend similar services and products to its customers (Aaron, 2010). There are various types of rules that have been set in various nations. Other forms of regulation do not benefit financial services or asset management whatsoever, but are meant to protect different interests outside the corporate world. For instance, there is considerable state legislation and regulation governing the varieties of group term life insurance contracts that could be offered as a member of an employer program. The anti-monopoly regulations, as an example, help tiny businesses at the cost of large ones, which is just why they're so seldom invoked any longer. Additionally when you have to spend 10% of your revenue complying with regulations that's a lot of work you aren't putting into customer assistance, expanding, etc.. While the greater time and workload caused by government regulation can be harmful to individual fina ncial or credit services companies in the brief term, government regulations may also benefit the financial services industry for a whole in the long run. The degree of analysis required in a RIS is dependent on the importance of the proposed shift. Benefit planners desire a simple knowledge of the federal regulatory scheme. Regulation is a fundamental tool for achieving broad public targets, but as we've shown, poorly designed regulations can do more damage than good. Government regulation impacts the financial services industry in a variety of ways, but the particular impact is dependent on the essence of the regulation. Benefits of Government Regulation Essay Paper Samples Ideas Concisely, rules are rather important in almost all of the activities in our day today life. There are many assortments of essays, therefore it is straightforward enough to eradicate an eye on all your writing assignments. Still, every one of them would show up in the overall list. Typically, i t takes as much as two hours of time to comb through dozens of sites until you discover something exciting to write about.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Brain and Cognitive Functioning Jessica Johnson PSY 360 March 11, 2013 Donna M. Glover-Rogers, Ph. D The Brain and Cognitive Functioning The following describes the role of the brain and the impact it has on a personÃ¢â¬â¢s cognitive functions, including how injury to certain part of the brain can affect specific cognitive functions while leaving others intact. We will write a custom essay sample on The Brain and Cognitive Functioning or any similar topic only for you Order Now To support this idea we look at the case of Phinneas Gage, and how his brain injury affected his cognitive abilities. In order to understand what role the brain plays in cognitive functioning one must understand cognitive functioning and what it is. Cognitive functioning refers to a personÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to coordinate thought and action as well as the ability to direct it towards a goal. It is needed to overcome environmental obstacles, orchestrate plans and execute complex sequences of behavior. When a person thinks, gives their attention to something, has or feels some kind of emotion, makes a plan, learns a new task or information, or recalls a memory they are using their cognitive functioning all of which starts in the brain. As the world has progressed so has science and technology; as theses fields have grown so has the ability to learn about the brain and how it works. Today we know that the brain is made up of millions small parts all working together to serve a final outcome. However technology is not the only thing that assists researchers in the study of the brain; people who have suffered traumatic brain injury have equally aided scientist in understanding how the brain functions. One of the most remarkable examples of the impact a brain injury can have on a personÃ¢â¬â¢s life is that of Phinneas Gage. This case proves to be one of the first to confirm that damage to a personÃ¢â¬â¢s frontal cortex could result in a significant personality change despite other neurological functions remain intact. In September of 1848 an accidental explosion caused a 20 pound iron rod from the railroad tracks to penetrate GageÃ¢â¬â¢s Left cheek bone and exiting just behind his right temple (BSCS 2005). To everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s shock Gage never lost consciousness through the injury; however, the injuries to his brain caused a complete change in personality. Prior to the accident Gage was reported to be calm and collected man. He was said to be very level-headed and it was reported by his supervisors that his calm demeanor made him the best foremen on his team. The trauma to GageÃ¢â¬â¢s brain caused a severe and unpleasant change in his character. Upon recovering and returning to work he was said to be highly volatile, full of rage, impatient and vulgar. Despite making a full physical recovery his behavior made such a negative change he was never able to work as a foreman again. GageÃ¢â¬â¢s case was one of the first and often considered the most dramatic cases of personality change caused by brain injury that has ever been documented. The injuries that Gage sustained to his brain raised several questions about the impact the brain has on cognitive functioning. It has become clear that a common side-effect of frontal lobe damage is drastic change in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior. An individualÃ¢â¬â¢s personality can significantly alter after damage to the frontal lobes, particularly when both lobes are involved (Hernandez, 2008). Many important things were learned from GageÃ¢â¬â¢s life altering accident, first and possibly most important it shows that not every brain injury will cause death. In addition researchers learned that not all brain injuries will cause loss to all brain functions (2008). Although being over 100 years old the injury Phineas Gage suffered to his brain is still known as one of the most educational injuries in history. Not only did it prove one could survive such a traumatic injury to the brain but it proved they could still function physically and mentally. This case was also the first to prove that the frontal cortex of the brain directly impacts personality, and although one could recover to physically function as they had before the altered personality may never change. Along with cases like Phinneas Gage, advancements in technology have given researchers a picture of how the brain controls cognitive functioning but to what extent remains unclear. References Hernandez, Christina. (2008). Phineas Gage. Retrieved March 08, 2013 from http://www. associatedcontent. com/article/831073/phineas_gage_pg3. html? cat=4 National Institue of Health Office of Science Education BSCS (2005). Retrieved March 07, 2013 from http://science. education. nih. gov/supplements/nih4/self/guide/info-brain. htm Willingham, D. T. (2007). Cognition: The thinking animal (3rd ed. ). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall. Retrieved from Ebsco Host How to cite The Brain and Cognitive Functioning, Essay examples
Tuesday, April 28, 2020
The mass media, since being invented, have experienced many improvements, undergone numerous in variety from television, radio, newspaper to the internet. People watch televisions every day, read newspapers every hour, therefore, it goes without saying that mass media has the capability to affect their mind. The mass media, including TV, radio, newspaper play a very important role in our modern life. They have changed our life very much. It is not disgusting to say that they have a great influence in shaping peoples ideas, both for the better and the worse. The mass media affects peoples fashion. Simply take a glance at the way you dress right now, it was probably something you have picked up over the internet or magazines. What we are wearing may look similar to what famous actors or singers have worn recently. And all of the things we often to is to imitate the models appear every day in fashion shows. We will write a custom essay sample on Mass Media or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The media builds up our knowledge about social issues and have significant influence on our attitude towards the problems. Every day there are several events broadcasted and analyzed on television and radio. We cannot deny that the mass edia have a great contribution to shaping our ways of thinking. It is obvious that the mass media also play an important role in our attitude to life. In this assignment, I have considered a number of very compelling aspects of this topic: what impact do media have on children? And how can parents and others influence these media effects on children? What is media? Media is a tool used to convey mass communication to a larger audience or market. Up until the 20th century the main source of information were TV, Radio, Magazine, Newspaper and lately the internet. These mass media plays a big role in our life. How it affects us: There are still so many people that will insist that the images on TV and works and picture in Newspaper are not responsible for the problems of the society. The media is a good source of information and entertainment. In this first section I will talk about how the media affect our awareness, knowledge, attitude and behaviour. You will see the people turn to media learn about Moral Values and interpersonal relationship from the media. A medium give us an opinion of various cultures, religious and believes. These help s to identity ourselves and others. It snows that now people live, what they believe in and describe the society. Most television viewer considers Arabs as terrorist because of the way they are portrait in the news. Heavvy usage of this image may result in the cultivation of opinion. News that we get from certain media contradict the real society. You have to actually understand their religion and believe in order to make a statement about the person or the society. How the media affect our attitude and behaviour: The media have a great effect on the society and in our life experience. We ometimes try to apply these concepts to our everyday life. Teenagers like to watch TV shows about Love, Fashion, Relationship, violence, many other things. On the other hand older people watch things about Food, Health, Exercises and news from the world. This affect everyone behaviours at that particular time. Media can be a great source of wisdom and knowledge but we should realize its impact on our society, our family, our attitudes, our kids and our self. The media have a great effect on our society and in our attitudes, our kids and our self. The media have a great effect on the society and in our life experience. We sometimes try to apply these concepts to our daily life. Mass media as we know can give an effect to our education, environment or may be family life. Sometimes media can give a positive effect and sometimes it will give a negative effect to our life. Influence of mass media: In the last 50 years the media influence has developed exponentially with the advance of technology, first there was telegraph, then the radio, the newspaper, magazine, television and now the internet. We live in society that depends on information and communication to keep moving in the right direction and do our aily activities like work, entertainment, attitudes, healthcare, education, personal relationships, travelling and anything else that we have to perform. Media is the means of support to the people in the world which shapes their attitude, opinion, and makes them to think before they start doing a particular work. The most beautiful is it helps the people to know about different religious, places, important things to do about the past and the future. Media is well and good enough as long as its valuable and influential information on society. The usage of media would depend pon each individual to carry out the maximum of what is good and moral to be performed out in the society. Influence on children: Initially, I want to speak about how media can give a big role to the childrens life. Many children watch between two and four hours of television per day. The presence of role models, how men and women, boys and girls are presented in the media, powerfully affects boys and girls their role in the world. In this case, media such as television has a bad effect to the children. Some people complain that children nowadays tend to be lazier and more violent. This is simply the result ot bad programmes shown on T. V all time, incontrollable websites and even the carelessness of parents. To be free from their children, some people allow the children to surf the webs, without noticing that are plenty of disasters on Internet which the children have experienced to deal with. We cannot blame the children about what they do because actually they dont know anything about it. In this regard the parents have a big responsibility to guide their children, and let them know about what program that they watch. The parents must have a big role to guide their hildren; their attitudes towards the media. Influence on parents: Next I would like to consider the impact of the media on parents about parenting. Parents are an important audience for childrens media. The media plays a role in providing information and support to parents about child-rearing. We already know that there is an explosion of information and advice about child-rearing in the mass media. In every category of mass media, from books and magazines, television and the internet, message about child-rearing are being directed to parents to an extraordinary level. Yet, little attention is given to the quantity or quality of those messages. Influence on youth: How do the media influence young people in todays society? Our society still seems confused about what to about young people. it seems to be gripped with a fear of youth. We blame them for much of societys harms like crime, damage, drugs, drinks, sex, and teenage pregnancy the list goes on. But if these theories are true, where do these rebellious attitudes come from? The obvious answer would be from the upbringing of children, but in my opinion the media also plays a substantial role in he attitudes, behaviour and physical aspects of youth today, in particularly that of young women. Media strongly affects youth culture. The media executives are quick to defend their role in youth violence and harassment while selling millions of dollars in advertisements focused on youth. TV producers, network executives, motion picture companies and others in media deny any impact of their programs on the attitudes and actions of youth. People, especially teenagers, always have an idol and they tend to follow what their idols do and say no matter these things are good or ad. Positive and negative influences in young people: Young people are in a stage of life where they want to be accepted by their peers, they want to be loved and be successful. The media creates the ideal image of a beautiful men and women and tells them the characteristics of a successful person. If there is a sport that is getting a lot of attention by the media and gains popularity among your friends and society, you will more likely want to practice the sport and be cool witn all your triends. The result is that you will nave tun witn your triends and be ealthier because of the exercise you are doing. Media is one of the successful instruments to enrich our children, youth and parents to become successful one. It shapes our attitudes towards our better life. However a negative influence in teenagers is the use of cigars by celebrity movie stars, the constant exposure of sex images, the excessive images of violence and exposure to thousands of Junk food ads. Another negative influence in teenagers that has grown over the last years is anoxia and obesity. There are millions of adolescents fighting obesity. And they are exposed housands of advertisements of Junk food, and they are told that they become thin and wealthy. I believe that mass media is one of the main source considered of immorality such as drugs, drinking, pre-marital sex and adultery are of acceptance today. Media shows us these things. Exposes us to them. And we are all thinking if they are doing it, why cant we? It is implanted in our mind that these things are normal. Also more women are obsessive with losing weight even when they are not overweight; there are many women that they want to look the super models and thin elebrities, so they engage in eating disorder food which leads to severe health issues and even death. Conclusion: We should not take media as negative sources of impact. Not only media but everything has good and bad influence. It is up to persons catching ability. It is also depend on persons mind and thinking. If a person is a positive receiver the person will receive it positively. And other way is government must take initiative to publish and broadcast a pure and good channel. Every day people are surrounded by opinion and I enjoy that because they can formulate a more informed opinion based n what come across their way. In conclusion, we have absolutely no control over the media. Firstly, the mass media is expanding our understanding about environment. There are a number of environmental programs on television every week provides numerous viewers with explanation of what environment is and how important it is. Earth talk today program is an example which enables us to expand our knowledge about hot environmental issues by interviewing experts. Hardly have we watched these informative news and we comprehend the reasons why we need to protect the air, water and land on the earth. Mass Media free essay sample Please indicate whether the following statements are true or false (T/F) T 1. Positive feedback encourages the communication behavior in progress. T 2. Semantic noise occurs when a word or phrase means something different to the source and the receiver. F 3. Machine-assisted interpersonal communication allows the source and receiver to be separated by time and space. T 4. The Internet has Ã¢â¬Å"blurredÃ¢â¬ the lines between interpersonal and machine-assisted communication. T 5. The word Ã¢â¬Å"mediaÃ¢â¬ is the plural form of the singular word Ã¢â¬Å"medium. Ã¢â¬ T 6. Put simply, a functional approach to mass communication centers on audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s use of media. T 7. A microanalytic perspective toward mass media centers on the functions media perform for an entire society. T 8. As noise increases, so does message fidelity. T 9. Status conferral occurs when people or issues become important because they have received media attention. T 10. Critical/cultural studies, unlike the functional approach to ass communication, are rooted in Marxist philosophy. We will write a custom essay sample on Mass Media or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page T 11. Online communications that use special techniques involving participation, conversation and sharing are called social media. F 12. Hegemony involves the application of force to extend dominance over marginalized or relatively powerless groups. F 13. People who say the invention of the printing press is responsible for many changes resulting after its development could be considered technological determinists. T 14. The importance of the entertainment function of mass media has grown as Americans have accumulated more leisure time. F 15. The development of photography meant that, during the Civil War, people got their first glimpse of the actual horrors and casualties of war. F 16. With the set on an average of eight hours per day, watching TV occupies more time (outside of work and sleep) than does Any other activity. T 17. The first mass medium bringing music, news, talk, and sports into peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s homes was radio. F 18. Wireless handheld media might change how some individuals communicate, but theyÃ¢â¬â¢re not likely to affect traditional forms of mass media. T 19. Ideology refers to a specific set of beliefs, especially regarding social and political subjects. F 20. The authors of your text provide six uses of the media in daily lives: cognition, diversion, expression, and withdrawing, recording, and social expression. Multiple Choice: Identify the correct response. 21. When Beyonce Knowles is in a studio recording an album, she is engaged in the process of: . encoding b. messaging c. decoding d. sourcing e. channel-use 22. The television program Ã¢â¬Å"SurvivorÃ¢â¬ is an example of a: a. source b. encoder c. message d. channel e. receiver 23. Which of the following is true of traditional mass communication organizations? a. They have multiple gatekeepers b. They are expensive to operate c. They exist to make a profit d. They are very competitive e. All of the above 24. Which of the following is a media vehicle? a. the New York Times b. the television industry c. the radio industry d. the film industry e. all of these 25. The _____approach presumes that the best way to understand the media is to investigate how the media are used. a. paradigmatic b. critical studies c. cultural studies d. functional e. both B C 26. Media analyses can occur at which level? a. macroanalytic b. microanalytic c. paradigmatic d. phenomenon e. both A B 27. Transmission of values is also referred to as the _____ function. a. installation b. distillation c. brainwashing d. socialization e. mediation 28. Which of the following is NOT an example of the diversion function of the media? a. listening to the radio to pass the time . reading an in-flight magazine to keep from being bored c. watching an episode of Biography to learn about the person featured d. listening to New Age music to relax e. watching a horror movie to become frightened 29. A society dependent upon the spoken word is called a(n) _____culture. a. verbal b. literal c. literate d. oral e. conceptual 30. Moving pictures helped to bring about the concept of: a. l eisure time b. popular culture c. elite culture d. cultural institutions e. leisure institutions 31. Wireless handheld media: . are individual devices that do not support connectivity b. are clearly associated with interpersonal communication rather than mass communication c. have the potential to radically transform traditional media and American culture d. seem to prevent the linkage function from occurring e. will erase the Ã¢â¬Å"digital divideÃ¢â¬ 32. Soon after the telegraph ____ began linking people together by voice, eliminating the need to understand telegraphic codes. a. the I-pod b. the I-phone c. the computer d. the telephone 33. Two inventions were needed to make photography a reality: a. a camera and film b. models and fluorescent lighting c. a tripod and black cloth d. a way to focus light rays from a source onto a surface and a way to copy and permanently store those images 34. Early photos called_____captured images on glass plates and were treated with silver iodide. a. Dagurreotypes b. Brownies c. Exposures d. Film 35. Johann Gutenberg is credited with developing a printing system using: a. a series of blocks b. daguerro type c. moveable metal type d. font based type e. an abacus 36. The first movie houses were named: . theatres b. Regal 6 c. cinemas d. nickelodeons 37. Edwin PorterÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The Great Train RobberyÃ¢â¬ was an immensely popular western. This film was actually shot in _____. a. New York City b. California c. New Jersey d. Florida 38. The first medium to use digital communication was: a. the telegraph b. the telephone c. the radio d. the computer 39. Because of the digital revol ution, a. fledgling writers no longer need a publisher b. new bands can bypass music companies to reach their audiences c. traditional news media no longer have as much control as in the past d. all of these e. none of these 40. The average cost of a thirty second ad in last weekÃ¢â¬â¢s Super Bowl w was a whopping:_____! HowÃ¢â¬â¢s that some Doritos? Go Daddy! a. three thousand b. 3. 8 million c. 10 million d. 2 million **********Bonus: For an additional five points, design and answer the question of your choice. ********\ EXTRA: What is credibility? ANSWER: itÃ¢â¬â¢s the trust that the audience holds for media that performs surveillance functions. [pic] EN 290 Introduction to Mass Media Exam I Short Essay. Ten points each. Answer two of the following: Your response should be typed, double- spaced and between 200 Ã¢â¬â 250 words for each answer. 1. How has the Internet changed the characteristics of mass communication? The internet has changed the characteristics of mass communication by having everything you can possibly need at quick access, many people rely more on the internet than anything else. Yes the TV and Radio are convenient when you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have internet access but the internet plays a huge role in a large amount of people in the world. Whether itÃ¢â¬â¢s emailing family a Christmas picture, or talking to a stranger in a different country that you met on a foreign exchange, or even doing homework online, people literally can use the internet for anything. And it defiantly has a lot of advantages. Another disadvantage is that a lot of people donÃ¢â¬â¢t even read the new paper anymore because they can get it on the internet. And this also plays a huge role in the mail delivery, post offices want to cut another day of delivering because too many people pay bills over the internet and arenÃ¢â¬â¢t spending money on postage. So thatÃ¢â¬â¢s letter carriers are losing out big time because of this. People rely so much on the internet for a lot of different reasons. Some good, some bad but in the end I believe that it has greatly changed the changed the characteristics of mass media. 2. Using the critical/cultural viewpoint, can you detect ways that the media preserve the current political and economic status quo? 3. Many people would argue that, of all the communication media, television has had the greatest impact on society. Do you agree? Why or why not? Yes, I do agree. I feel like people just go along with what everyone else says and they mostly donÃ¢â¬â¢t have their own opinion. by seeing things on TV and they want to be just like everyone else, there arenÃ¢â¬â¢t anymore original thoughts. It has a huge impact on society because if people are always doing what the media and TV are doing who knows whatÃ¢â¬â¢s next. With all the shootings and stuff that have been going on I feel like that just gives people more ideas. And yes , we should know about things like that but I feel like media and all that shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t go that deep into stories because it just like I said, gives people more ideas. And on MTV 16 and Pregnant? Yes I get it your 16 and living life knowing your going to have a child when your still a child yourself but by putting that on a popular channel for teenagers to watch it not only shows them whatÃ¢â¬â¢s bad about it but, it also shows that these girls are getting paid for these people to follow them around with cameras for 9 months. And girls want stuff like that. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s also many positives on TV but I feel like the media doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t truly think before they do things a lot of the time. 4. Some have argued that the media represents Ã¢â¬Å"the fourthÃ¢â¬ arm of government. Do you agree? How much political influence do the media weld in shaping public opinion? Should there be a Ã¢â¬Å"sacred trustÃ¢â¬ between the public and the media? Are these ethical obligations being met? 5. Preview a few of the technological advancements of media in the future. The year is 2050, what kinds of technology will we be using? Which forms of technology do you think will fall by the wayside?
Friday, March 20, 2020
How to Quote Sources with APA Referencing How to Quote Sources with APA Referencing APA style referencing is used for citing sources in academic writing in a variety of disciplines, including the social and behavioral sciences. This is important because, when writing a college paper, you need to show your reader how youÃ¢â¬â¢ve drawn upon past research. A big part of this is indicating clearly when youÃ¢â¬â¢ve quoted someone elseÃ¢â¬â¢s work, as failure to do so could be interpreted as plagiarism. As such, itÃ¢â¬â¢s vital you know how to quote sources with APA referencing before you start writing. The Basics of Quoting a Source Obviously, most of your paper should be in your own words. However, quoting sources is useful if your argument depends on the words used by another author. When you do quote a source, you need to use Ã¢â¬Å"quotation marksÃ¢â¬ and give an in-text citation including the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s surname, year of publication and relevant page numbers after the quoted text: Ricoeur is said to have Ã¢â¬Å"sought to separate his philosophical writings from his theological writingsÃ¢â¬ (Sohn, 2013, p. 159). If the author is named in the text, give the year of publication immediately afterwards, then the page numbers after the quotation: Sohn (2013) writes that Ricoeur Ã¢â¬Å"sought to separate his philosophical writings from his theological writingsÃ¢â¬ (p. 159). You can also give page numbers when paraphrasing a source, though this is only required if you feel it is necessary for the reader to find the relevant section in the original. Sources with No Page Numbers If a source lacks page numbers, such as a website, provide a paragraph number instead. In longer documents that lack page numbers, like an e-book, you may also have to provide a section title: Paraphrasing restates someone elseÃ¢â¬â¢s words in a new way (Lee, 2015, para. 3). Long Quotations If the passage you are quoting is more than 40Ã words long, it should be formatted as a block quotation. This means presenting the quotation on a new line and indented roughly 0.5 inches. Block quotations donÃ¢â¬â¢t require quotation marks, but you should still give a citation. After the quotation, you continue with the formatting used throughout the rest of your document. This would look something like the following: RicoeurÃ¢â¬â¢s position on Christian philosophy is summarized as follows: His reflections on the matter, however, were not merely an occasional work or a passing period in his thought, but rather it was an issue to which he would turn time and again throughout his career with each development becoming ever more complex and nuanced. (Sohn, 2015, p.164) Given this, we can come to the following conclusionsÃ¢â¬ ¦
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
The Sociology of the Internet and Digital Sociology The sociology of the internet is a subfield of sociology in which researchers focus on how the internet plays a role in mediating and facilitating communication and interaction, and on how it affects and is affected by social life more broadly. Digital sociology is a related and similar subfield, however, researchers within it focus on such questions as they pertain to the more recent technologies and forms of online communication, interaction, and commerce associated with Web 2.0, social media, and the internet of things. Sociology of the Internet: An Historical Overview In the late 1990s, the sociology of the internet took shape as a subfield. The sudden widespread diffusion and adoption of the internet in the U.S. and other Western nations drew the attention of sociologists because the early platforms enabled by this technologyemail, list-serves, discussion boards and forums, online news and writing, and early forms of chat programswere seen as having significant impacts on communication and social interaction. Internet technology allowed for new forms of communication, new sources of information, and new ways of disseminating it, and sociologists wanted to understand how these would impact peoples lives, cultural patterns, and social trends, as well as larger social structures, like the economy and politics. Sociologists who first studied internet-based forms of communication took interest in impacts on identity and social networks that online discussion forums and chat rooms might have, especially for people experiencing social marginalization because of their identity. They came to understand these as online communities that might become important in a persons life, as either a replacement or a supplement to existing forms of community in their immediate surroundings. Sociologists also took interest in the concept of virtual reality and its implications for identity and social interaction, and the implications of the society-wide shift from an industrial to an information economy, enabled by the technological advent of the internet. Others studied the potential political implications of the adoption of internet technology by activist groups and politicians. Across most topics of study, sociologists paid close attention to the way online activities and relationships might be related to or have impacts on those a person engages in offline. One of the earliest sociological essays pertinent to this subfield was written by Paul DiMaggio and colleagues in 2001, titledÃ Social Implications of the Internet, and published inÃ Annual Review of Sociology. In it, DiMaggio and his colleagues outlined then-current concerns within the sociology of the internet. These included the digital divide, relationships between the internet andÃ community and social capital (social ties), the impact of the internet on political participation, how internet technology impacts organizations and economic institutions and our relationships to them, and cultural participation and cultural diversity. Common methods during this early stage of studying the online world included network analysis, used to study the ties between people facilitated by the internet, virtual ethnography conducted in discussion forums and chat rooms, and content analysis of information published online. Digital Sociology in Todays World As internet communication technologies (ICTs) have evolved, so too have their roles in our lives and their impacts on social relations and society overall. As such, so too has the sociological approach to studying these evolved. The sociology of the internet dealt with users who sat before wired desktop PCs to participate in various forms of online communities, and while that practice still exists and has even become more common, the way we connect to the internet nowmostly via wireless mobile devices, the advent of a wide variety of new communication platforms and tools, and the general diffusion of ICTs into all aspects of social structure and our lives requires new research questions and methods of study. These shifts also enable new and larger scales of researchthink big datanever before seen in the history of science. Digital sociology, the contemporary subfield that has subsumed and taken over from the sociology of the internet since the late 2000s, takes into account the variety of ICT devices that populate our lives, the variety of ways in which we use them (communication and networking, documentation, cultural and intellectual production and sharing of content, consuming content/entertainment, for education, organization and the management of productivity, as vehicles for commerce and consumption, and on and on), and the many and varied implications these technologies have for social life and society overall (in terms of identity, belonging and loneliness, politics, and safety and security, among many others). EDIT: Role of digital media in social life, and how digital technologies and media are related to behavior, relationships, and identity. Recognizes the central role that these now play in all aspects of our lives. Sociologists must take them into account, and they have done so in terms of the kinds of research questions they ask, how they conduct research, how they publish it, how they teach, and how they engage with audiences. The widespread adoption of social media and the use of hashtags have been a data boon for sociologists, many of whom now turn to Twitter and Facebook to study public engagement with and perception of contemporary social issues and trends. Outside the academy, Facebook assembled a team of social scientists to mine the sites data for trends and insights and regularly publishes research on topics like how people use the site during periods of romantic courtship, relationship, and what happens before and after people break up. The subfield of digital sociology also includes research that focuses on how sociologists use digital platforms and data to conduct and disseminate research, how digital technology shapes the teaching of sociology, and on the rise of a digitally enabled public sociology that brings social science findings and insights to large audiences outside of academia. In fact, this site is a prime example of this. Development of Digital Sociology Since 2012 a handful of sociologists have focused on defining the subfield of digital sociology, and on promoting it as an area of research and teaching. Australian sociologist Deborah Lupton recounts in her 2015 book on the topic,Ã titled simplyÃ Digital Sociology, that U.S. sociologists Dan Farrell and James C. Peterson in 2010 called sociologists to task for not yet embracing web-based data and research, though many other fields had. In 2012 the subfield became formalized in the UK when members of the British Sociological Association, including Mark Carrigan, Emma Head, and Huw Davies created a new study group designed to develop a set of best practices for digital sociology. Then, in 2013, the first edited volume on the topic was published, titledÃ Digital Sociology: Critical Perspectives.Ã First focused conference in New York in 2015. In the U.S. there is no formalized organization around the subfield, however many sociologists have turned to the digital, in both research focus and methods. Sociologists who do so can be found among research groups including theÃ American Sociological Associations sections on Communication, Information Technologies, and Media Sociology,Ã Science, Knowledge and Technology,Ã Environment and Technology, and Consumers and Consumption, among others. Digital Sociology: Key Areas of Study Researchers within the subfield of digital sociology study a wide range of topics and phenomena, but some areas have emerged as of particular interest. These include: The impact of ICTs on social relationships, like the role that social media plays in teen friendships today,Ã how and which rules of etiquette have emerged around smartphone use in the company of others, and how they impact dating and romance in todays world.How ICTs are a part of the processes of crafting and expressing identity, like through creation of social media profiles on popular sites including Facebook and Instagram, how selfies are a part of those processes in todays world, and the extent to which there may be benefits or drawbacks to expressing ourselves online.The impact of ICTs and social media on political expression, activism, and campaigning. For example, some sociologists are curious about the role and impacts of changing ones Facebook profile picture to reflect solidarity with a cause, and others, in how online activism might impact and/or advance issues offline.The role and impact of ICTs and the web in processes of building group affiliation and community, part icularly among marginalized groups like LGBT individuals, racial minorities, and among extremist groups like anti-vaxxers and hate groups. Since the early days of the sociology of the internet, the digital divide has been an area of concern for sociologists. Historically that has referred to the way wealth brokers access to ICTs and all the resources of the web-connected to them. That issue remains relevant today, however others kinds of divides have emerged, like how race affects the use of social media in the U.S. Ã¢â¬â¹Notable Digital Sociologists Mark Carrigan, University of Warwick (education, capitalism, and big data)Deborah Lupton, University of Canberra (defining digital sociology as a subfield)Mary Ingram-Waters, Arizona State University (fantasy football and identity and ethics)C.J. Pascoe, University of Oregon (teen use of social media and ICTs)Jennifer Earl, Arizona State University (politics and activism)Juliet Schor, Boston College (peer-to-peer and connected consumption)Alison Dahl Crossley, Stanford University (feminist identities and activism)
Sunday, February 16, 2020
I'm attaching a document. Read the background information about bacteria, antibiotics, and the evolution of antibiotic resistance at this site - Essay Example water or food) and susceptible person. If any of these factors are changed or eradicated the infection will not spread widely and the epidemic will be stopped. For example we can increase immunity by the vaccination or break the way of transmission by the provision of safe food or potable water. Definite doagnosis could be provided only after laboratory tests but we can suppose several gastrointestinal diseases. There are bacterial dysentery (shigellosis), protozoal dysentery (amebiasis), salmonellosis, enteroviral infection and staphylococcal intoxication. Correspondingly possible microbial pathogens could be named as shigellae (various species and strains), amoeba hystolitica, salmonella spp., eneroviridae spp. and staphylococcus auresus. Nevertheless the incubation period for staphylococcal intoxication usually is less than 12 hours. In the described case the data about the time frame of clinical signs are omitted thus we could take this type of microbial poisoning in the account. To avoid such cases there is necessary to improve hygienic skills of family members especially in the part of cooking and food preserving, educate them about the threats of microbial food-borne diseases. Proper thermal processing of food products, avoiding food with expired date or signs of spoiling could be important also. Hand washing is a key element of infection control and there is important to provide adequate treatment for family members having chronic intestinal infections. 3. Weese JS, Rousseau J. Survival of Salmonella Copenhagen in food bowls following contamination with experimentally inoculated raw meat: effects of time, cleaning, and disinfection. Can Vet J. 2006 Sep;47(9):887-9. 5. Callaway TR, Harvey RB, Nisbet DJ. The hygiene hypothesis and foodborne illnesses: too much of a good thing, or is our food supply too clean? Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2006 Fall;3(3):217-9. No abstract